How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Best Tips and Tricks

A synthesis essay

There are several types of synthesis essays. Synthesis represents the combination of separate elements or substances to form a coherent whole. The process of developing the synthesis essay is to research, assemble ideas from various sources and develop your idea or thesis according to these references.

Types of synthesis essay

An argument synthesis presents the thesis statement with the writer’s point of view. It deals with the organizing of relevant information logically gathered from research. The review synthesis is a preliminary essay to an argumentative synthesis and represents a discussion of what has been previously on a topic. The explanatory (background) synthesis explains a topic by categorizing facts mostly for business statements.

The synthesis essay is used in investigating documents to study theoretical issues. Thus, the research papers analyze certain thesis and provide a logical plan. 

The draft of a synthesis essay

First, select the appropriate topic. Take preliminary research and outline the major goals of an essay. Select the highly ranked resources, journals and bibliographies and follow the advice of the corresponding mentors.

For example:

Introduction paragraph:

  1. Hook
  2. Overview of the issue you will be discussing
  3. Thesis statement

Body paragraph:

  1. Topic sentence
  2. Explanation and opinion of the topic structure
  3. Evidence and examples
  4. Explanation of the significance of the source(s)

Conclusion paragraph:

  1. Explain the significance of the topic from the evidence elaborated
  2. A profound ending for your paper

Developing the essay concept

The introduction of an essay is most commonly in the form of one paragraph. The introduction sentence has the role of a hook to initialize the first impression.

The main body consists of 3-4 paragraphs each describing a new thought. The conclusion is written as one paragraph with the summarization of the entire writing task.

In this type of essay, it is vital to implement a creative structure to describe the thesis. Insert a lot of examples, illustrations, comparisons and contrasts. Make sure that each paragraph begins with a clear topic sentence to focus on the main idea. Add quotations, facts, or opinions of your sources in case of lacking scientific evidence.

Polishing the essay

The thesis should be thoroughly researched and backed up with scientific data. Check and evaluate each scientific source and their impact factor. Use simple language so the audience may understand correctly.

This kind of essay should be written in the third person using ‘’he’’, ‘’she’’, ‘’it’’. Apply transitions in between paragraphs to have the natural flow of the text. Write summaries of each fable and one sentence to connect your two summaries.

Before any submission, review, edit and proofread the essay. Proofread for grammar, mechanics, punctuation, word choice, or typographical errors. One of the advice is to read the essay out loud or invite classmates or mentors to proofread.

Overall, a synthesis essay combines three or more sources in support of a writer’s central argument.